Why does the Philippines experience drought?

Why does the Philippines experience drought?

Historical records from the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), showed that major drought events in the Philippines are associated with the occurrences of El Niño events, which refer to the warm phase of the ENSO Phenomenon in the Eastern and Central Pacific Ocean ( …

Why do we experience drought in some parts of the year?

When rainfall is less than normal for a period of weeks to years, streamflows decline, water levels in lakes and reservoirs fall, and the depth to water in wells increases. If dry weather persists and water-supply problems develop, the dry period can become a drought.

What is the main reason for drought?

A drought is caused by drier than normal conditions that can eventually lead to water supply problems. Really hot temperatures can make a drought worse by causing moisture to evaporate from the soil.

Does the Philippines experience drought?

Some 42 per cent of the Philippines is currently experiencing drought or dry spells brought on by El Niño effect. As of 15 April, 39 provinces, cities, municipalities and villages have declared a state of calamity. The worst affected areas are Mindanao and the Visayas regions.

Which causes the season experience in the Philippines?

6. The energy received from the sun increases as the increase in latitude in both north and south hemisphere. The distance of the earth from the sun determines the seasons in the Philippines as well as the other places.

Why are landslides common in the Philippines?

The Philippines is prone to various natural hazards, i.e. typhoon and earthquakes, thus, occurrence of landslides is inevitable. Awareness and preparedness are the most effective prevention and mitigation measures against possible threats of landslide in the community.

Why do you think the drought caused food shortages?

One of the reasons for undernourishment and hunger is drought, which reduces agricultural production leading to food insecurity situation. In half of the years of the twenty-first century, drought was the main cause of shortage in world grain production compared to its consumption, creating problem with food security.

How does drought affect the atmosphere?

Summary: Researchers have shown that during drier years the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere rises faster because stressed ecosystems absorb less carbon. This global effect is so strong that it must be integrated in the next generation of climate models.

What is impact of drought?

Drought can also affect people’s health and safety. Examples of drought impacts on society include anxiety or depression about economic losses, conflicts when there is not enough water, reduced incomes, fewer recreational activities, higher incidents of heat stroke, and even loss of human life.

How does drought affect the environment?

The impact of drought There is much loss of livestock and the growing of crops is disrupted. Declining productivity affects not only rural Australia but also the national economy. The drought also affects the natural ecosystems. Creeks and rivers dry up causing the organisms that rely on the water to perish.

Why is Philippines experience only dry and wet seasons?

The Philippines only have two seasons, which are the dry and wet seasons due to the movement of the ITCZ. The ITCZ shifts north and south seasonally with the sun, it moves north in the Northern Hemisphere summer and south in the Northern Hemisphere winter.

Why does the Philippines experience only two seasons?

Due to high temperature and the surrounding bodies of water, the Philippines has a high relative humidity. Using temperature and rainfall as bases, the climate of the country can be divided into two major seasons: (1) the rainy season, from June to November; and (2) the dry season, from December to May.

Is drought getting worse in the Philippines?

DROUGHT is expected to become even more frequent and intense in many parts of Southeast Asia, including the Philippines, bringing devastating socioeconomic impacts unless actions are taken now to build resilience, a new study found.

Which countries are most likely to experience extreme drought this year?

Almost every part of Thailand and Cambodia is likely to have moderate to extreme drought. The northern part of Vietnam and some parts of Malaysia will have extreme drought conditions. For Indonesia, drought will be evident across the whole country, though in the Philippines, the outcome will be more variable.

Will Indonesia be affected by drought?

For Indonesia, drought will be evident across the whole country, though in the Philippines, the outcome will be more variable. In total, 96 percent of the Asean region is likely to be affected by drought.” The report enumerates the socioeconomic impacts of drought.

How many people are affected by drought in the ASEAN region?

During the third quarter of 2018 alone, more than 4.8 million people in the southern part of the Asean region were affected by drought. The future could be even worse, as climate change brings many more areas to experience extreme conditions with severe consequences, said the report.