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Who was Hippocrates and what is he known for?
Hippocrates of Kos was a Greek physician who lived from about 460 B.C. to 375 B.C. At a time when most people attributed sickness to superstition and the wrath of the gods, Hippocrates taught that all forms of illness had a natural cause.
How did Hippocrates contribute to the study of medicine?
Greek physician Hippocrates of Cos (circa 460-377 B.C. ) is often called the “father of medicine”. His contributions to medicine include detailed observations of disease and its effects, and an understanding of how health is often influenced by diet, breakdowns in bodily processes, and the environment.
When did Hippocrates become the father of medicine?
Hippocrates was born around 460 BC on the island of Kos, Greece. He became known as the founder of medicine and was regarded as the greatest physician of his time. He based his medical practice on observations and on the study of the human body. He held the belief that illness had a physical and a rational explanation.
What is Hippocrates theory?
Hippocratic medicine was influenced by the Pythagorean theory that Nature was made of four elements (water, earth, wind and fire), and therefore, in an analogous way, the body consisted of four fluids or ‘humors’ (black bile, yellow bile, phlegm and blood).
Who is known as father of Indian medicine?
During the 6th century BCE, an Indian physician named Sushruta – widely regarded as the ‘Father of Indian Medicine’ and ‘Father of Plastic Surgery’ – wrote one of the world’s earliest works on medicine and surgery.
Who were Hippocrates parents?
Soranus wrote that Hippocrates’ father was Heraclides, a physician, and his mother was Praxitela, daughter of Tizane. The two sons of Hippocrates, Thessalus and Draco, and his son-in-law, Polybus, were his students.
Who is known as father of medicine in India?
Sushruta (c. 7th or 6th century BCE) was a physician in ancient India known today as the “Father of Indian Medicine” and “Father of Plastic Surgery” for inventing and developing surgical procedures.
What is the theory of the four humors?
The Theory of the Four Humours was an important development in medical knowledge which originated in the works of Aristotle. These Four Humours needed to remain balanced in order for people to remain healthy. The Four Humours were liquids within the body- blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
Who was Hippocrates father?
Hippocrates is mentioned in passing in the writings of two contemporaries: Plato, in Protagoras and Phaedrus, and Aristotle’s Politics, which date from the 4th century BC. Soranus wrote that Hippocrates’ father was Heraclides, a physician, and his mother was Praxitela, daughter of Tizane.
Who is the father of MBBS?
Sushruta is the most celebrated physician and surgeon in India. Though he practiced during the 5th century B.C., many of his contributions to medicine and surgery preceded similar discoveries in the Western world.
Who is known as father of medicine?
Hippocrates is considered to be the father of modern medicine because in his books, which are more than 70. He described in a scientific manner, many diseases and their treatment after detailed observation. He lived about 2400 years ago.
Who invented medicine in Islam?
Ibn Sina, more commonly known in west as Avicenna was a Persian polymath and physician of the tenth and eleventh centuries. He was known for his scientific works, but especially his writing on medicine. He has been described as the “Father of Early Modern Medicine”.