What is the function of the medial malleolus and the lateral malleolus?

What is the function of the medial malleolus and the lateral malleolus?

The medial malleolus is the medial projection of bone from the distal tibia. The lateral malleolus projects laterally from the distal fibula (Fig. 11.3). Both malleoli serve as the proximal attachments for the collateral ligaments of the ankle.

What is a lateral malleolus?

The knob on the outside of the ankle, the lateral malleolus, is the end of the fibula, the smaller bone in the lower leg. When this part of the bone fractures, or breaks, it’s called a lateral malleolar fracture.

What is medial malleolus?

You probably know the medial malleolus as the bump that protrudes on the inner side of your ankle. It’s actually not a separate bone, but the end of your larger leg bone — the tibia, or shinbone. The medial malleolus is the largest of the three bone segments that form your ankle.

Can I walk on a lateral malleolus fracture?

You may walk on the leg as much as pain allows, and if you have been given a boot you should gradually use it less and less over four to six weeks as the pain settles. Sometimes the pain may persist but if you are walking further each day this is not uncommon. Most injuries heal without any problems.

Why is medial malleolus important?

The medial malleolus and the associated deltoid ligament provide for ankle stability on the medial side.

What is the function of the lateral malleolus?

The role of the lateral malleolus as a stabilizing factor of the ankle joint: preliminary report.

What is the purpose of the medial malleolus?

What is medial and lateral malleolus?

Each leg is supported by two bones, the tibia on the inner side (medial) of the leg and the fibula on the outer side (lateral) of the leg. The medial malleolus is the prominence on the inner side of the ankle, formed by the lower end of the tibia.

Do I need a cast for a lateral malleolus fracture?

OVERVIEW: Lateral malleolar fractures are fractures that occur in the distal aspect of the fibula. They can be distal, at or proximal to the joint line of the ankle. CONSERVATIVE CARE: If non-displaced and stable, these fractures can be treated non-operatively with cast immobilization.

How long does it take for lateral malleolus to heal?

Lateral malleolus avulsion fracture

Healing: This normally takes approximately 6 weeks to heal.
Pain and Swelling: The swelling is often worse at the end of the day and elevating it will help. Pain and swelling can be ongoing for 3-6 months. Take pain killers as prescribed.

What is the ball on your ankle called?

medial malleolus
The most common fracture is to the bony bump on the outside of the ankle, the lateral malleolus. The lateral malleolus is the bottom of the fibula, the smaller lower leg bone. The bump on the inside of your ankle, the medial malleolus, is less commonly fractured.

What is that bone called in your ankle that sticks out?

Lateral Malleolus
Lateral Malleolus: Bony protrusion felt on the outside of the ankle. The lateral Malleolus is the low end of the Fibula.

What is the medial and lateral ankle projection?

LATERAL PROJECTIONS : ANKLE XRAY. An alternate lateromedial projection can also be taken but it more uncomfortable for the patient specially on broken ankle or when patient is a child. This projection is useful in the evaluation of fractures (broken ankles), sprains, dislocations, and joint effusions associated with other joint pathologies.

What is the artery palpated above the medial malleolus?

The posterior tibial artery pulse can be readily palpated halfway between the posterior border of the medial malleolus and the achilles tendon and is often examined by physicians when assessing a patient for peripheral vascular disease.

What is a medial lateral ligament?

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is a knee ligament that joins the lower end of the femur (thigh bone) to the upper end of the tibia (shin bone) on the medial (inner) part of the knee (part of the knee closest to the other knee). It prevents medial “folding” or bending of the knee towards the other knee, especially with lateral movements.