What biome is Finland?

What biome is Finland?

Finland belongs mainly to the boreal (northern) forest region, the taiga. Finland is a land of forets: We have forests circa 4,5 ha to one inhabitant. The volume of forests in whole Europe – except Russia – is some n. 0.4 ha to one inhabitant, only. The boreal zone forms a belt around the northern hemisphere.

What forests are in Finland?

Pure pine forests grow in fairly dry habitats, while spruce is found in more fertile locations and birch mostly in mixed forests. More than half of all forests are mixed forests (1). The south-western corner and the south coast of Finland have a narrow zone where oak, maple, ash and elm grow.

Does Finland have lots of forests?

Forests cover more than 75 per cent of the land area of Finland. Measured by the proportional share of forest land, Finland is the most forested country in Europe. A total of 20.3 million hectares is available for wood production, of which 61 per cent is privately owned.

What is typical for Finnish nature?

Nature in Finland consists of forests, lakes, sea, tundra, and bogs. Finland is the number one destination for a nature lover since it has the cleanest nature in the world and four amazing seasons that provide various conditions for different nature activities.

Where is the Finnish forest?

Geographically, most of Finland is situated at a latitude of between 60 and 70 degrees north. A significant area extends north of the Arctic Circle.

How many trees does Finland have?

Globally speaking there are 420 trees towards each person on the planet, while there are nearly 4,500 trees for each Finn – putting the number of trees in Finland at around 22 billion.

Does Finland have good vegetation?

The pristine landscapes provide wonderful habitats for wildlife, allowing varieties of animals and plants to live in “the land of a thousand lakes.” In this article, five commonly-seen plants in Finland are introduced. The lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis) is Finland’s national flower.

What trees are in Finland?

The dominating tree species in Finnish forests are spruce, pine, downy birch and silver birch, Finland’s national tree species. These species are common throughout Finland, with the exception of northernmost Lapland and the highest fell areas.

What is Finland’s favorite food?

Rye bread is so beloved by Finns that it was voted the national food in 2017 (the same year Finland celebrated its 100th year of independence from Russia). Eaten for breakfast, as a side at lunch, and as a snack, ruisleipä is a staple of the Finnish diet that’s often served with ham and cheese or a side of butter.

How many forests does Finland have?

Finland is Europe’s most heavily-forested country. Forests as defined by the FAO cover 23 million hectares or 74.2% of the land area.

What is the biggest forest in Finland?

The largest category of protected areas are the wildernesses in Lapland. Unlike the other areas, they have been established under a separate Act of Parliament. They cover a total of nearly 1.4 million hectares of forest, bog and treeless Arctic fells in the northernmost part of the country.

How much of Finland is water?

Geography of Finland

Continent Europe
• Total 338,424 km2 (130,666 sq mi)
• Land 89.85%
• Water 10.15%

What is the landscape like in Finland?

Finland’s remote northern province, known as Lapland, sits above the Arctic Circle. The Finnish landscape is mostly flat, though the Scandinavian Mountains stretch into the northwestern part of the country. Finland is heavily forested, with over 70 percent of the country covered by thick woodlands.

What kind of animals live in Finland?

Finland’s forests are primarily filled with Scots pine, Norway spruce, and birch blanket trees. Brown bears, elk, gray wolves, wolverines, and lynx (the only wild cat species in the country) all roam the woods.

Where do the majority of people in Finland live?

The harsh climate in the northern part of the country, however, has resulted in the concentration of the population in the southern third of Finland, with about one-fifth of the country’s population living in and around Helsinki, Finland’s largest city and continental Europe’s northernmost capital.

What is Finland made of?

Finland shares a common border in the the Gulf of Bothnia and Sweden. Most of Finland is lowland, but in the 1000m. Most of Finland is made of ancient granite bedrock, which has archipelagos and the huge boulders scattered all over the country.