What are the last 2 phases of mitosis?

What are the last 2 phases of mitosis?

Mitosis ends with telophase, or the stage at which the chromosomes reach the poles. Telophase is followed by cytokinesis, or the division of the cytoplasm into two daughter cells. The daughter cells that result from this process have identical genetic compositions.

What are the 2 major phase of cell cycle?

The cell cycle has two major phases: interphase and the mitotic phase (Figure 1). During interphase, the cell grows and DNA is replicated.

Which phase is the longer phase?

Interphase is the longest part of the cell cycle. This is when the cell grows and copies its DNA before moving into mitosis. During mitosis, chromosomes will align, separate, and move into new daughter cells. The prefix inter- means between, so interphase takes place between one mitotic (M) phase and the next.

What is second gap phase?

During the second gap phase, or G 2​start subscript, 2, end subscript phase, the cell grows more, makes proteins and organelles, and begins to reorganize its contents in preparation for mitosis.

Which phase of mitosis is longest?

The first and longest phase of mitosis is prophase. During prophase, chromatin condenses into chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope (the membrane surrounding the nucleus) breaks down.

What is the second longest phase of the cell cycle?

The duration that comes between the mitotic phase and the next phase is the longest stage of the cell cycle called Interphase (growth phase I, S phase, the growth phase II), during which the cells tend to grow and make a copy of their DNA for another mitotic division. Therefore, the correct answer is (a) .

Which is the longest phase of M phase?

So clearly, the longest phase of the Mitosis is Prophase.

What are the different stages of mitosis occurring during cell division?

The different stages of mitosis occurring during cell division are given as follows- Before entering mitosis, a cell spends a period of its growth under interphase. It undergoes the following phases when in interphase: G1 Phase: This is the period before the synthesis of DNA.

What happens in prophase 1 of mitosis?

Prophase is technically the first stage of mitosis. It is also the longest phase of mitosis, where the chromatin condenses into chromosomes and the nuclear membrane breaks down (in prometaphase). In animal cells, the centrioles located near the nucleus begin to split and move to the opposite ends of the cell.

Does interphase occur before or after mitosis?

In the cell cycle, interphase doesn’t just occur before mitosis—it also alternates with mitosis. It’s important to remember that this is a recurring cycle. When mitosis ends, interphase starts up again! In fact, in the grand scheme of the cell cycle, mitosis is a much shorter phase than interphase.

What are the features of mitosis in plants?

Features of Mitosis. In each cycle of cell division, two daughter cells are formed from the parent cell. The cell is also known as equational cell division because the chromosome number in the parent cell and daughter cell is the same. In plants, mitosis leads to the growth of vegetative parts of the plant like root tip, stem tip, etc.