What are the 4 routes of medication administration?

What are the 4 routes of medication administration?

Routes of Medication Administration

  • Oral: A majority of the drugs are administered orally as it is a convenient, safe and affordable route of administration.
  • Injection:
  • Sublingual and buccal routes:
  • Rectal route:
  • Vaginal route:
  • Ocular route:
  • Otic route:
  • Nasal route:

Which route of drug administration is most likely to lead to the first effect?

It happens most commonly when the drug is administered orally. The drug then is absorbed in the GIT and enters enters the portal circulation before entering the systemic circulation.

What are the 9 routes of drug administration?

The main routes of drug administration include: Oral route. Sublingual/ Buccal route….

  • Oral route.
  • Sublingual/ Buccal route.
  • Rectal route.
  • Topical route.
  • Transdermal route.
  • Inhalational route/ pulmonary route.
  • Injection routes.

What is the route of administration medication given through the mouth?

Oral administration is a route of administration where a substance is taken through the mouth. Per os abbreviated to P.O. is sometimes used as a direction for medication to be taken orally.

Which one of the following is the buccal route?

2. Which one of the following is the buccal route? Explanation: Drug administration when done through placing it under the tongue and from where it will slowly get dissolved through saliva is known as sublingual administration. Placing the drug between the cheek and the gum is buccal route of drug administration.

What is sublingual medication?

Medications that are administered sublingually dissolve under the tongue, without chewing or swallowing. Absorption is very quick, and higher drug levels are achieved in the bloodstream by sublingual routes than by oral routes because (1) the sublingual route avoids first-pass metabolism by the liver (Fig.

What is route in medication?

A route of administration is the way in which a drug enters your system. Aside from taking a medication by mouth, also called the oral route, you might have an injection into a muscle, as sometimes is the case with painful trigger points.

How are drugs administered?

Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. Because the oral route is the most convenient and usually the safest and least expensive, it is the one most often used. However, it has limitations because of the way a drug typically moves through the digestive tract.

What is the proper way to administer medication?

Give medication administration your complete attention. o Give medications in a quiet area, free from distractions. o Never leave medications unattended, even for a moment! Wash your hands! You must wash your hands before giving medications and then again after you have given medication to each individual.

What is oral medication?

Many different medications are taken orally (by mouth). They come as solid tablets, capsules, chewable tablets or lozenges to be swallowed whole or sucked on, or as drinkable liquids such as drops, syrups or solutions.

Why is medication administered via the buccal route fast acting?

Buccal administration may provide better bioavailability of some drugs and a more rapid onset of action compared to oral administration because the medication does not pass through the digestive system and thereby avoids first pass metabolism.

How is sublingual medication administered?

Sublingual administration delivers a medication across mucous membranes in the mouth either under the tongue or inside the cheek. Because the oral mucosa has a thin epithelium and abundant blood vessels, many medications administered here are rapidly absorbed.

How do you administer sublingual and buccal medications?

Sublingual and Buccal Medication Administration. Definition. Sublingual and buccal medications are administered by placing them in the mouth, either under the tongue (sublingual) or between the gum and the cheek (buccal).

What are the different types of sublingual medications?

The medications are compounded in the form of small, quick-dissolving tablets, sprays, lozenges, or liquid suspensions. Sublingual and buccal medications are given for a variety of conditions. The most common sublingual medication is the nitroglycerin tablet.

What is buccal medicine used for?

Medicine is usually given in the buccal area when it is needed to take effect quickly or when the child is not conscious. This lets the medicine get absorbed through the tissue that lines the mouth and go straight into the bloodstream. Buccal medicines should help symptoms within 5 to 10 minutes.

What should you not do with buccal medication?

Precautions. Buccal or sublingual medication should not be used when a patient is uncooperative or unconscious. The patient should not eat, drink, chew, or swallow until the medication has been absorbed; swallowing the medication must be prevented, as it will decrease the drug’s effectiveness.