Table of Contents
Why is it important to protect the wetlands?
Wetlands are important because they protect and improve water quality, provide fish and wildlife habitats, store floodwaters and maintain surface water flow during dry periods.
Why are wetlands so important?
Wetlands are a critical part of our natural environment. They protect our shores from wave action, reduce the impacts of floods, absorb pollutants and improve water quality. They provide habitat for animals and plants and many contain a wide diversity of life, supporting plants and animals that are found nowhere else.
What can destroy a wetland?
Common direct impacts to wetlands include filling, grading, removal of vegetation, building construction and changes in water levels and drainage patterns. Most disturbances that result in direct impacts to wetlands are controlled by State and Federal wetland regulatory programs.
What are 3 reasons wetlands are important?
What are the benefits of wetlands?
- Improved Water Quality. Wetlands can intercept runoff from surfaces prior to reaching open water and remove pollutants through physical, chemical, and biological processes.
- Erosion Control.
- Flood Abatement.
- Habitat Enhancement.
- Water Supply.
Why are wetlands so important to the health of the environment?
Wetlands provide habitat for thousands of species of aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals. Wetlands are valuable for flood protection, water quality improvement, shoreline erosion control, natural products, recreation, and aesthetics.
What is a wetland and why is it important?
Why are wetlands important? Wetlands associated with streams and rivers slow down floodwaters by acting as giant shallow pans. Water flowing into these pans loses speed and spreads out. Plants in the wetland play an important role in holding back the water.
What is wetland threatening?
Sadly, wetlands are threatened by many human activities. These alterations can be the results of: deposition of fill material, draining, dredging and channelization, diking and damming, diversion of flow and addition of impervious surfaces in the watershed, which increases water and pollutant runoff into wetlands.
What are the effects of wetlands?
Wetlands destruction has increased flood and drought damage, nutrient runoff and water pollution, and shoreline erosion, and triggered a decline in wildlife populations.
What benefits do wetlands provide to the environment?
Wetlands improve water quality. As water moves into a wetland, the flow rate decreases, allowing particles to settle out. The many plant surfaces act as filters, absorbing solids and adding oxygen to the water. Growing plants remove nutrients and play a cleansing role that protects the downstream environments.
How can we protect our wetlands?
Best Way to Conserve Wetlands
- Create a Native Plant Buffer Strip. Improve the health of wetlands by planting a buffer strip of native plants.
- Reduce the Use of Pesticides and Fertilizers.
- Get Rid of Non-Native and Invasive Species.
- Reduce Stormwater Run-Off.
- Clean Up after Pets.
Why wetlands are being destroyed?
Human activities cause wetland degradation and loss by changing water quality, quantity, and flow rates; increasing pollutant inputs; and changing species composition as a result of disturbance and the introduction of nonnative species.
What important role do wetlands play?
“Wetlands yield fuelwood for cooking, thatch for roofing, fibres for textiles and paper making, and timber for building. Medicines are extracted from their bark, leaves, and fruits, and they also provide tannins and dyes, used extensively in the treatment of leather,” according to the World Wide Fund for Nature.