Table of Contents
- 1 Who built Elmina Castle?
- 2 When was Elmina built?
- 3 Where is Elmina Castle found in Ghana?
- 4 Which fort was built in Elmina?
- 5 Why did the Portuguese build Elmina Castle?
- 6 Which Castle was built by the Netherlands in Ghana?
- 7 What is the history of Elmina Castle?
- 8 What happened to the slaves in Elmina?
Who built Elmina Castle?
Diogo de Azambuja
Which European country built the first castle in Ghana?
The History of The Republic of Ghana On their arrival, they found so much gold between the rivers Ankobra and the Volta that they named the area “da Mina”, meaning “The Mine”. In 1482, the Portuguese built the first castle in the Gold Coast at Elmina to enhance their trading activities especially in gold and slaves.
When was Elmina built?
Built in 1482 by Portuguese traders, Elmina Castle was the first European slave-trading post in all of sub-saharan Africa.
Was Elmina Castle built by the French?
Elmina Castle was founded in 1482 by the Portugese to protect the Gold Coast they discovered in 1471. It was completed in 1486.
Where is Elmina Castle found in Ghana?
St. George Castle, also known as Elmina castle, is located in Central Region of Ghana, about a 3.5 hour drive along the coast from Accra. It is the oldest European structure in sub-Saharan Africa.
Who built the Elmina Castle and year?
Elmina is the first European trading post built on the Gulf of Guinea and claimed to be the oldest European building South of the Sahara. It was founded by Portugal in 1482, taken over by the Dutch in the 17th century and by Britain in the late 19th century.
Which fort was built in Elmina?
FORT SAINT JAGO
After the construction of the Elmina Castle (Sao Jorge da Mina) in 1482, the Portuguese built, in 1502, a church on a hill at a distance of less than 200m away from the castle.
Which castle was built by the Germans in Ghana?
Fort Gross Freidrichsburg
Fort Gross Freidrichsburg in Prince’s Town began as a Danish lodge in 1658, with the fort originally built in 1682 by the Brandenburg Africa Company, making this Ghana’s only German fort.
Why did the Portuguese build Elmina Castle?
History of Elmina Castle The Portuguese built the castle of St George El Mina in 1482, in a region rich in gold and ivory resources. Elmina Castle is one of West Africa’s oldest standing buildings; it means ‘the mine’ in Portuguese. It was also the first permanent structure south of the Sahara built by the Europeans.
Which Castle was first built in Ghana?
St. George’s d’Elmina Castle
St. George’s d’Elmina Castle, built in 1482, is one of the oldest European buildings outside Europe, and the historic town of Elmina is believed to be the location of the first point of contact between Europeans and sub-Saharan Africans.
Which Castle was built by the Netherlands in Ghana?
Fort Amsterdam, Ghana
|Occupants||English (1631-1665) Netherlands (1665-1868)|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
Which European countries came to Ghana?
The French, the English, the Dutch, the Swedes, the Danes and the Brandenburghers of the Prussians soon followed the Portuguese. All of these European nations built forts, lodges and castles along the Gold Coast littoral to establish their presence and to participate in the lucrative gold trade.
What is the history of Elmina Castle?
History of Elmina Castle. The Portuguese built the castle of St George El Mina in 1482, in a region rich in gold and ivory resources. Elmina Castle is one of West Africa’s oldest standing buildings; it means ‘the mine’ in Portuguese. It was also the first permanent structure south of the Sahara built by the Europeans.
Where is Elmina located?
Elmina is located along the southern Cape Coast region of Ghana, west of Accra. The town itself is primarily a fishing port, with a bustling commercial scene and lively atmosphere.
What happened to the slaves in Elmina?
At the height of the trade, 30,000 slaves were passing through Elmina each year on their way to the Americas. This continued for nearly 300 hundred years in appalling conditions. There were many horrors witnessed here, as it is where the slaves were detained and tortured before being shipped to the ‘New World’.
Why is there a castle in the middle of the sea?
The castle was originally a trading post for the countries gold, ivory and timber, this later developed into a point on the infamous slave triangle transporting human cargo to America and the Caribbean, raw materials such as cotton and rubber to Britain and manufactured goods such as clothing and weaponry back to the West Coast of Africa.