Which group of Southerners owned small farms?

Which group of Southerners owned small farms?

Chapter 13 guide

Question Answer
What large group of Southerners owned small farms of about 50 to 200 acres? yeomen
Who watched over the enslaved household workers and tended to them when they became ill? plantation wife
Most enslaved people on plantations worked as field hands.

What is a plantation owner?

Definitions of plantation owner. the owner or manager of a plantation. synonyms: planter. type of: farmer, granger, husbandman, sodbuster. a person who operates a farm.

What was the main goal of large plantation owners?

The main economic goal for large plantation owners was to earn profits. Such plantations had fixed costs— regular expenses such as housing and feeding workers and maintaining cotton gins and other equipment.

What happened to plantations after the Civil War?

The Civil War had harsh economic ramifications on Southern farms and plantations. The small percentage of those who were plantation owners found themselves without a source of labor, and many plantations had to be auctioned off (often at greatly reduced value) to settle debts and support the family.

Who made up the majority of Southern farmers?

The south was an overwhelmingly agricultural region of mostly farmers. Most farmers lived in the backcountry on medium sized farms, while a small number of planters ran large farms, or plantations. Only one fourth of the Southern population owned slaves and most of these were the planters.

Why did many plantation wives manage the plantation alone?

Why did many plantation wives manage the plantation alone? They managed the plantation alone because their husbands were away on business trips and they had to handle all of the running of the plantation, from bookkeeping to, managing the workers and slaves.

Who were the Southern plantation owners?

Plantation owner An individual who owned a plantation was known as a planter. Historians of the antebellum South have generally defined “planter” most precisely as a person owning property (real estate) and 20 or more slaves.

Who was the worst plantation owner?

He was born and studied medicine in Pennsylvania, but moved to Natchez District, Mississippi Territory in 1808 and became the wealthiest cotton planter and the second-largest slave owner in the United States with over 2,200 slaves….

Stephen Duncan
Education Dickinson College
Occupation Plantation owner, banker

Which religious group was most involved in the Underground Railroad?

The Quakers are considered the first organized group to actively help escaped enslaved people.

What group made up the largest number of whites in the South save?

The farmers who did not have slaves – yeomen – made up the largest group of whites in the South. Not all Southern whites owned land.

Who made up the planter elite?

At the top of southern white society stood the planter elite, which comprised two groups. In the Upper South, an aristocratic gentry, generation upon generation of whom had grown up with slavery, held a privileged place. In the Deep South, an elite group of slaveholders gained new wealth from cotton.

What did slaves eat?

Weekly food rations — usually corn meal, lard, some meat, molasses, peas, greens, and flour — were distributed every Saturday. Vegetable patches or gardens, if permitted by the owner, supplied fresh produce to add to the rations. Morning meals were prepared and consumed at daybreak in the slaves’ cabins.