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Where is coir fibre from?
Coir, or coconut fibre, is the natural fibre extracted from the husk of the coconut, and is a by-product of the coconut industry.
How is coir fibre obtained?
Coir is extracted from the tissues surrounding the seed of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), which is grown on 10 million ha of land throughout the tropics. Coir fibres measure up to 35 cm in length with a diameter of 12-25 microns. A coconut harvest occurs once in 45 days.
Where is coir found?
Coir is produced primarily in Sri Lanka , the Philippines , Indonesia , Mexico and parts of the Caribbean and South America . The extremely fibrous coconut husks are stripped, shredded and screened into long fibers and pith.
Who invented coir?
The coir manufacturing industry producing coir mats, matting and other floor coverings, was started in India on a factory basis, over a hundred years ago when the first factory was set up in Alleppey in 1859 by the Late Mr. James Darragh, an adventurous Irish born American national.
Which part of plant gives coir?
Which part of plants give us jute and coir? Answer: Jute comes from the stem of jute plants, while coir comes from the husk of coconut fruit.
Which part of coconut coir is obtained?
Notes: Coir is the nature fibre obtained from mescocarp of the coconut fruit. Coconut fruit has three layers viz. Exocarp, MesoCarp and Endocarp. Exocarp is the outer green layer, Mesocarp is the fleshy, which becomes husk on drying middle layer and endocarp is the inner woody layer.
Where is the coir grown in India?
Kerala, popularly known as the God’s own country alone accounts for 61% of total coconut production and 85% of total coir products. Coir has come a long way from its small beginnings in the State of Kerala, centuries back.
What products are made out of coir in Kerala?
Kerala is considered to be the largest producer of coir. Products such as flooring, mats, carpets, wall hangings and bags are made from coir fiber.
Which fibre is obtained from flax seeds?
Flax is one of the oldest textile fibers. Fabric made from flax is called linen.
Why is coir manufactured in Kerala?
Another key factor that aided the foundation of the coir spinning industry in Kerala is the presence of brackish backwaters and lagoons that had to be replenished by fresh water at frequent intervals to wash away the water polluted in the process of retting of husks, and Kerala was naturally endowed with this potential …
Which state is famous for coir industry?
Which Indian state is called the land of coconut?
state of Kerala
Trivandrum is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala, meaning “land of coconuts” in the region’s Malayalam language.
What is a coir fiber?
Coir is a natural fiber extracted from the husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes, mattresses, etc. Coir is the fibrous material found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. Coir fibers are found between the hard, internal shell (endocarp) and the outer coat of a coconut (epicarp).
What are the industries based on coir?
Industries based on coir have developed in many coconut producing countries especially India, Tanzania, Kenya, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Ghana etc. Coir or coconut fiber belongs to the group of hard structural fibers. It is an important commercial product obtained from the husk of the coconut.
What is cocoir coconut fiber?
Coir coconut fiber comes from a natural and renewable source and is one of the latest eco-friendly alternatives for textiles. Coconut farming usually focuses on coconut oil, milk and water and other coconut products like desiccated coconut.
What is the difference between white and brown coir coconut fibers?
Coir coconut fibers are either white or brown, depending on the age or maturation of coconuts on harvesting. White fibers come from immature or green coconuts which are harvested after six to twelve months on the plant. These fibers are weaker than brown fibers, but smoother and finer.