Table of Contents
What was the Tokugawa shogunate known for?
Tokugawa Ieyasu’s dynasty of shoguns presided over 250 years of peace and prosperity in Japan, including the rise of a new merchant class and increasing urbanization. To guard against external influence, they also worked to close off Japanese society from Westernizing influences, particularly Christianity.
Who was involved in the Tokugawa shogunate?
List of Tokugawa shōguns
|#||Name (Born-Died)||Shōgun From|
|1||Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543–1616)||1603|
|2||Tokugawa Hidetada (1579–1632)||1605|
|3||Tokugawa Iemitsu (1604–1651)||1623|
|4||Tokugawa Ietsuna (1641–1680)||1651|
Who was the leader of the Tokugawa shogunate?
Tokugawa Ieyasu, original name Matsudaira Takechiyo, also called Matsudaira Motoyasu, (born Jan. 31, 1543, Okazaki, Japan—died June 1, 1616, Sumpu), the founder of the last shogunate in Japan—the Tokugawa, or Edo, shogunate (1603–1867).
Why did the shogunate fall?
The growth of money economy led to the rise of the merchant class, but as their social and political status remained low, they wanted to overthrow the government. This weakened the government. The final collapse of the Shogunate was brought about by the alliance of Satsuma and Choshu.
What was the role of the government in the Tokugawa shogunate?
The Tokugawa shogunate was very much like any domainal government in that it was responsible first for the administration of a limited territory, the fief of the Tokugawa house.
How did the Tokugawa Shogunate work?
What happened during the Tokugawa period? The Tokugawa period was marked by internal peace, political stability, and economic growth. Social order was officially frozen, and mobility between classes (warriors, farmers, artisans, and merchants) was forbidden.
What led to the downfall of the Tokugawa bakufu?
The arrival of Americans and Europeans in the 1850s increased domestic tensions. The bakufu, already weakened by an eroding economic base and ossified political structure, now found itself challenged by Western powers intent on opening Japan to trade and foreign intercourse.
What did the Tokugawa shogunate trade?
Goods imported by Japan from China included commodities such as cotton, sugar, raw silk and tea. Much of Japan’s silver exports were to China to settle the trade balance. Japan exported silver to China via Nagasaki, Tsushima and Ryukyu, with much of the silver coming directly from Nagasaki.