Table of Contents
- 1 What type of structure is olivine?
- 2 What does isolated tetrahedral mean?
- 3 What olivine looks like?
- 4 What is the characteristic of olivine?
- 5 Why is olivine isolated silica tetrahedral?
- 6 Which silica tetrahedral arrangement does amphibole have?
- 7 What is the crystal structure of olivine made of?
- 8 What determines the series form of an olivine?
What type of structure is olivine?
Crystal structure Olivine is classified as a nesosilicate which has isolated SiO4 tetrahedrons bound to each other only by ionic bonds from interstitial cations.
What is the crystal shape of olivine?
|Color||Yellow to yellow-green|
|Crystal habit||Massive to granular|
|Fracture||Conchoidal – brittle|
What does isolated tetrahedral mean?
Isolated tetrahedra – distinguished by the fact that none of the oxygens are shared by tetrahedrons so that individual silica tetrahedrons are bonded together by positively charged ions. Minerals with this structure include olivine.
What is a silica tetrahedron?
The silicate tetrahedron consists of four oxygen atoms arranged as close as they can get around a central silicon atom. The result is a pyramidal shape known as a tetrahedron, with an oxygen atom at each of its four apices. The silicon atom by itself has four electrons in its outer shell.
What olivine looks like?
Olivine is usually green in color but can also be yellow-green, greenish yellow, or brown. It is transparent to translucent with a glassy luster and a hardness between 6.5 and 7.0. It is the only common igneous mineral with these properties.
What is the Colour and streak of olivine respectively?
10. What is the colour and streak of olivine respectively? Explanation: The olivine mineral is found in olive green colour and hence its name. The streak given by olivine is white.
What is the characteristic of olivine?
Physical Properties of Olivine Olivine is usually green in color but can also be yellow-green, greenish yellow, or brown. It is transparent to translucent with a glassy luster and a hardness between 6.5 and 7.0. It is the only common igneous mineral with these properties.
What is the color of olivine?
Olivine is typically olive green in color, but can also be yellow-green to bright green and brownish-green to brown. The opacity of olivine ranges from transparent to translucent, and its texture is brittle with many fractures. Olivine is commonly associated with the green gemstone peridot.
Why is olivine isolated silica tetrahedral?
In pyroxene, silica tetrahedra are linked together in a single chain, where one oxygen ion from each tetrahedron is shared with the adjacent tetrahedron, hence there are fewer oxygens in the structure. In olivine, it takes two divalent cations to balance the –4 charge of an isolated tetrahedron.
Which ion has tetrahedral shape?
NH4+ is tetrahedral. Methane and the ammonium ion are said to be isoelectronic. Two species (atoms, molecules or ions) are isoelectronic if they have exactly the same number and arrangement of electrons (including the distinction between bonding pairs and lone pairs).
Which silica tetrahedral arrangement does amphibole have?
In amphibole structures, the silica tetrahedra are linked in a double chain that has an oxygen-to-silicon ratio lower than that of pyroxene, and hence still fewer cations are necessary to balance the charge. Amphibole is even more permissive than pyroxene and its compositions can be very complex.
What is tetrahedral sheet?
Tetrahedral sheets are composed of individual tetrahedrons which share every three out of four oxygens. They arranged in a hexagonal pattern with the basal oxygens linked and the apical oxygens pointing up/down.
What is the crystal structure of olivine made of?
The crystal structure of olivine is built from independent silica tetrahedra. Minerals with independent tetrahedral structures are called neosilicates (or orthosilicates). In addition to olivine, other common neosilicate minerals include garnet, topaz, kyanite, and zircon.
What minerals have a single chain of tetrahedra?
Silicate Minerals. The pyroxenes and amphiboles have single and double chains of silica tetrahedra, respectively. Sheets of linked tetrahedra make up the micas, clays, and other phyllosilicate minerals. Finally, there are frameworks of tetrahedra, in which every corner is shared, resulting in a SiO 2 formula.
What determines the series form of an olivine?
The relative amounts of iron and magnesium in the parent magma determine which minerals in the series form. Other rarer elements with similar properties to iron or magnesium, like manganese (Mn), can substitute into the olivine crystalline structure in small amounts.
What is the chemical formula for olivine?
Olivine is the primary mineral component in mantle rock such as peridotite and basalt. It is characteristically green when not weathered. The chemical formula is (Fe,Mg) 2 SiO 4. As previously described, the comma between iron (Fe) and magnesium (Mg) indicates these two elements occur in a solid solution.