Table of Contents
- 1 What safety procedures are in place to protect workers from the radiation?
- 2 What OSHA standards relates to radiation?
- 3 Which of the following medical condition is caused by high exposure of radiation?
- 4 Which of the following tissues has the highest radiation sensitivity?
- 5 What is the guiding principle of radiation safety?
- 6 What is the difference between the Ines and radiation hazard scale?
What safety procedures are in place to protect workers from the radiation?
Safety around radiation Effective safety training focuses on the three ways workers can limit their exposure to radiation: maintaining a safe distance, limiting the time around the source, and using shielding to limit the exposure.
Which materials would you need to protect a living organism against all known forms of radiation?
Common shielding materials are iron, concrete, lead, and soil. Scientists measure the shielding ability of a material by determin- ing the thickness of the material required to absorb half of the radiation from a given source. This thickness of the material is called the half-thickness.
What organization requires that radiation amounts be kept to a minimum specification?
the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Generally applicable environmental radiation standards means standards issued by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the authority of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, that impose limits on radiation exposures or levels, or concentrations or quantities of radioactive material, in the general …
What OSHA standards relates to radiation?
The Ionizing Radiation standards generally limit whole-body occupational ionizing radiation dose to 1.25 rem per calendar quarter. Responders generally must not exceed a 5-rem (0.05 Sv) annual whole-body dose of ionizing radiation.
When working with or near radiation What should you do?
You can work safely around radiation and/or contamination by following a few simple precautions:
- Use time, distance, shielding, and containment to reduce exposure.
- Wear dosimeters (e.g., film or TLD badges) if issued.
- Avoid contact with the contamination.
- Wear protective clothing that, if contaminated, can be removed.
What radiation safety you can suggest during radiation emergency?
In a radiation emergency: Get inside a building and take shelter for at least 24 hours. Stay inside to reduce your exposure to radiation. Stay tuned for important information about how to keep you and your family safe.
Which of the following medical condition is caused by high exposure of radiation?
Exposure to very high levels of radiation, such as being close to an atomic blast, can cause acute health effects such as skin burns and acute radiation syndrome (“radiation sickness”). It can also result in long-term health effects such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Why lead is used in radiation protection?
That’s how lead works: it is very dense, meaning its atoms (or pool balls) are very close together, making it very hard for penetrating radiation to get across – instead the radiation collides with the lead’s atoms, making them move around inside the metal while it loses its energy.
What is a high radiation area?
High radiation area means any area, accessible to individuals, in which radiation levels could result in an individual receiving a deep dose equivalent in excess of 0.1 rem (0.001 sievert) in 1 hour at 30 centimeters from the radiation source or from any surface that the radiation penetrates.
Which of the following tissues has the highest radiation sensitivity?
Amongst the body cells, the most sensitive are spermatogonia and erythroblasts, epidermal stem cells, gastrointestinal stem cells. The least sensitive are nerve cells and muscle fibers.
What is OSHA do?
With the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, Congress created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to ensure safe and healthful working conditions for workers by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance.
What is the fundamental safety concerns when it comes to radiation in the workplace?
Effective safety training focuses on the three ways workers can limit their exposure to radiation: maintaining a safe distance from the source, limiting the time around the source, and using shielding to limit the exposure. Workers should also know what to do when something goes wrong.
What is the guiding principle of radiation safety?
The guiding principle of radiation safety is “ALARA”. ALARA stands for “as low as reasonably achievable”. This principle means that even if it is a small dose, if receiving that dose has no direct benefit, you should try to avoid it. To do this, you can use three basic protective measures in radiation safety: time, distance, and shielding.
What are the three ways to minimize exposure to radiation?
Time, Distance and Shielding. Time, distance, and shielding actions minimize your exposure to radiation in much the same way as they would to protect you against overexposure to the sun: Time: For people who are exposed to radiationradiationEnergy given off as either particles or rays. in addition to natural background radiation,…
How can exposure time and distance affect the dose of radiation?
Time: For people who are exposed to radiationradiation Energy given off as either particles or rays. in addition to natural background radiation, limiting or minimizing the exposure time reduces the dose from the radiation source. Distance: Just as the heat from a fire reduces as you move further away,…
What is the difference between the Ines and radiation hazard scale?
On the other hand, the Radiation Hazard Scale describes the immediate potential impact of the accident for people, and the hazard category depends on where people are located. For example, the severity of the March 2011 accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant has been given the highest rating of 7 on the INES scale.