What is the use of chlorine in water?

What is the use of chlorine in water?

Drinking water chlorination is the addition of chlorine to drinking water systems. It is the most common type of drinking water disinfection. Disinfection kills bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms that cause disease and immediate illness.

How is chlorine important?

Chlorine is an important chemical in water purification, in disinfectants, in bleach and in mustard gas. It is used to kill bacteria and other microbes from drinking water supplies. Chlorine is involved in beaching wood pulp for paper making, bleach is also used industrially to remove ink from recycle paper.

Why is chlorine used to disinfect water?

Chlorine is currently employed by over 98 percent of all U.S. water utilities that disinfect drinking water. Researchers postulated that chlorine, which exists in water as hypochlorite and hypochlorous acid, reacts with biomolecules in the bacterial cell to destroy the organism.

How do you use chlorine in water?

To disinfect water, add one part of the chlorine solution to each 100 parts of water you are treating. This is about the same as adding 1 pint (16 ounces) of the chlorine solution to 12.5 gallons of water.

How chlorine is used in water treatment?

Chlorine kills pathogens such as bacteria and viruses by breaking the chemical bonds in their molecules. Disinfectants that are used for this purpose consist of chlorine compounds which can exchange atoms with other compounds, such as enzymes in bacteria and other cells.

How is chlorine used in everyday life?

Chlorine is a gas, a very common element, found in many chemicals used in our everyday life. It is an ingredient in many cleaning products because chlorine inhibits the growth of bacteria in the water. For this property, this chemical is used to sterilize drinking water as well as swimming pools.

What is chlorine and what is it used for?

Chlorine is one of the most commonly manufactured chemicals in the United States. Its most important use is as a bleach in the manufacture of paper and cloth, but it is also used to make pesticides (insect killers), rubber, and solvents. Chlorine is used in drinking water and swimming pool water to kill harmful bacteria.

What are the harmful effects of chlorine?

Respiratory Tract Irritant. Chlorine gas is very dangerous to the respiratory tract.

  • Eye Irritant. Gas exposure to the eyes causes a severe reaction.
  • Mouth and Throat Irritant. Chlorine gas exposure within the mouth and throat causes coughing and throat and mouth dryness.
  • Skin Irritant. Skin exposed to chlorine gas can become frostbitten.
  • What are the important uses of chlorine?

    Chlorine is used (generally a particular compound of chlorine) to kill bacteria in drinking water and swimming pools.

  • While not used as often today,some armed forces still use chlorine as a poison gas.
  • Chlorine is used to make plastics.
  • PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is made from chlorine.
  • Chlorine is used in bromine extraction.