What is the formula of the base sodium hydroxide?

What is the formula of the base sodium hydroxide?

2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Chemical compounds

Sodium hydroxide
Systematic name Sodium hydroxide
Other names Lye, Caustic Soda
Molecular formula NaOH
Molar mass 39.9971 g/mol

Why the formula of sodium hydroxide is NaOH?

Sodium hydroxide is a corrosive chemical sometimes known as lye or caustic soda. It’s chemical formula is NaOH. It is an ionic compound, because it is made of a metal ion, sodium (Na+), that is attracted to a nonmental ion, hydroxide (OH-).

What is the chemical NaOH called?

Sodium hydroxide
Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is a corrosive white crystalline solid that readily absorbs moisture until it dissolves. Commonly called caustic soda, or lye, sodium hydroxide is the most widely used industrial alkali.

How do you write NaOH?

Sodium hydroxide is one of the most common inorganic bases or alkalis. It is also called caustic soda or lye. Formula and structure: The chemical formula of sodium hydroxide is NaOH, and its molar mass is 40.01 g/mol.

What is the formula for sodium sulfide?

Sodium sulfide/Formula

Why is sodium hydroxide a base?

Strong bases are characterized by the fact that they dissociate completely in aqueous solution. In this case, sodium hydroxide, NaOH , is classified as a strong base because it dissociates completely in aqueous solution to form sodium cations, Na+ , and hydroxide anions, OH− .

Why is sodium hydroxide called a base?

NaOH is a base because it forms a sodium cation and a hydroxide ion in aqueous solution, Na+(aq) , and OH−(aq) . Acids and bases react to form a salt and water. This is called a neutralization reaction.

Is sodium hydroxide a base?

General information. Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) is highly soluble in water, and sodium hydroxide solutions are strong bases.

How do you calculate sodium hydroxide?

Step 1: Calculate the amount of sodium hydroxide in moles

  1. Amount of solute in mol = concentration in mol/dm 3 × volume in dm 3
  2. Amount of sodium hydroxide = 0.100 × 0.0250.
  3. = 0.00250 mol.
  4. The balanced equation is: NaOH(aq) + HCl(aq) → NaCl(aq) + H 2O(l)
  5. So the mole ratio NaOH:HCl is 1:1.

Is sodium sulfide a base?

Like sodium hydroxide, sodium sulfide is strongly alkaline and can cause skin burns. Acids react with it to rapidly produce hydrogen sulfide, which is highly toxic.

What is basicity of NaOH?

Basicity (pKb) 0.2.

What is the chemical formula of magnesium hydroxide?

Magnesium hydroxide/Formula
Magnesium hydroxide is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Mg(OH)2. It occurs in nature as the mineral brucite.

How dangerous is sodium hydroxide?

Sodium hydroxide can be quite harmful if expose involves high concentrations but at concentrations below 0.001 M the only issues are that it has an unpleasant taste bitter and may cause mild skin irritation.

What are the chemical properties of sodium hydroxide?

The chemical formula for Sodium Hydroxide is NaOH

  • Molar mass of 39.9971 g/mol
  • Melting Point: 318’C,604’F
  • Boiling Point: 1388’C,2530’F
  • Density in Natural State: 2.13 g/cm^3
  • Very soluble in water,alcohol,glycerin and methynol
  • Has an Acidity of 13
  • Reacts with Carbon Dioxide to form Sodium Carbonate
  • Also reacts with other Acids to form pure water and salts
  • What are the health hazards of sodium hydroxide?

    Sodium hydroxide is very corrosive. It can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and mucous membrane; an allergic reaction; eye and skin burns; and temporary loss of hair. Workers may be harmed from exposure to sodium hydroxide. The level of harm depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done.

    Is sodium hydroxide an alkali or acid?

    Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·nH. 2O.