What is the body of Islamic law called?

What is the body of Islamic law called?

1. What is Sharia? The body of legal rulings that emerges from the interpretation of Sharia law is commonly referred to as Islamic law, or as “fiqh” in Arabic. It is the result of human intellectual activity and is therefore, by definition, fallible and changeable.

What is the Islamic concept of law?

The Qur’an is the principal source of Islamic law, the Sharia. It contains the rules by which the Muslim world is governed (or should govern itself) and forms the basis for relations between man and God, between individuals, whether Muslim or non-Muslim, as well as between man and things which are part of creation.

What is Fiqh?

fiqh, (Arabic: “understanding”) Muslim jurisprudence—i.e., the science of ascertaining the precise terms of the Sharīʿah, or Islamic law. The collective sources of Muslim jurisprudence are known as uṣūl al-fiqh.

What is the meaning of ijma?

ijmāʿ, (Arabic: “consensus”) in Islamic law, the universal and infallible agreement of either the Muslim community as a whole or Muslim scholars in particular.

What are the four Islamic laws?

Classical Sharia manuals are often divided into four parts: laws relating to personal acts of worship, laws relating to commercial dealings, laws relating to marriage and divorce, and penal laws.

What are the principles of Islamic law?

Sharia comprises three basic elements: Aqidah concerns all forms of faith and belief in Allah, held by a Muslim. Fiqh governs the relationship between man and his Creator (ibadat) and between man and man (muamalat). Political, economic, and social activities fall within the ambit of muamalat.

What is Hanafi law?

The Hanafi School is one of the four major schools of Sunni Islamic legal reasoning and repositories of positive law. While the Hanafi madhab, along with other Sunni schools, utilizes qiyas (analogical reasoning) as a method of legal reasoning, Abu Hanifa himself relied extensively on ra’y (personal opinion).

What is meant by Aqeedah?

Aqidah (Arabic: عقيدة‎, romanized: ʿaqīdah (Arabic pronunciation: [ʕɑˈqiːdæ, ʕɑˈqɑːʔɪd]), plural عقائد ʿaqāʾid, also rendered ʿaqīda, aqeeda, etc.) is an Islamic term of Arabic origin that literally means “creed”. Any religious belief system, or creed, can be considered an example of aqidah.

What is Qiyas Islamic law?

qiyas, Arabic qiyās, in Islamic law, analogical reasoning as applied to the deduction of juridical principles from the Qurʾān and the Sunnah (the normative practice of the community). With the Qurʾān, the Sunnah, and ijmāʿ (scholarly consensus), it constitutes the four sources of Islamic jurisprudence (uṣūl al-fiqh).

What’s the meaning of Ummah?

Definition and Meaning Ummah is an Arabic word, meaning “people” or “group” or “community” formed based on some common and coherent features like language, race, religion, culture, and economic interest with a common leader, goal, and constitution.

What is fiqh?

What is Shafi and Hanafi?

There are minor differences among these schools of law. Hanafi: Followers of Imam Abu Hanifa, the Hanafis see Quran, the Sunnah, the ijma (consensus) and qiyas (deduction from analogy) as the sources of law. The Shafis are the followers of Imam Shafi and give emphasis on ijma (consensus).