# What is consistent global state in distributed system?

## What is consistent global state in distributed system?

A consistent global state is one corresponding to a consistent cut. These definitions correspond exactly to the intuition that consistent global states are those that could occur during a run in the sense that they could be constructed by an idealized observer external to the system.

### What do you mean by global state?

In the causal domain, a global state is a set of local states which are all concurrent with each other. A global state in the time domain is also a global state in the causal domain; if two states occur simultaneously, then they cannot have any cause-effect relationship.

What are the necessary conditions to satisfy the consistent global state in distributed system?

no bounds on the relative speeds of processes and message delays. Impossible to maintain synchronized local clocks. Communication remains the only possible mechanism for synchronization.

WHAT IS AND and OR model in deadlock?

In the AND-OR model, a request may specify any combination of and and or in the resource request. For example, in the AND-OR model, a request for multiple resources can be of the form x and (y or z). To detect the presence of deadlocks in such a model, there is no familiar construct of graph theory using WFG.

## What are the consistency cuts why we have them in distributed systems?

Cuts. Because physical time cannot be perfectly synchronized in a distributed system it is not possible to gather the global state of the system at a particular time. Cuts provide the ability to “assemble a meaningful global state from local states recorded at different times”.

### What is consistent cut?

A consistent global state corresponds to a cut in which every message received in the PAST of the cut was sent in the PAST of that cut. Such a cut is known as a consistent cut.

What is global state management?

Context provides a way to pass data through the component tree without having to pass props down manually at every level, managing state in multiple components that are not directly connected. …

What is Ostrich Algorithm in OS?

In computer science, the ostrich algorithm is a strategy of ignoring potential problems on the basis that they may be exceedingly rare. It is named for the ostrich effect which is defined as “to stick one’s head in the sand and pretend there is no problem”.

## What is hold wait?

Hold and Wait: A process is holding at least one resource and waiting for resources. No Preemption: A resource cannot be taken from a process unless the process releases the resource.

### What is consistent cut and inconsistent cut in distributed systems?

Ordering of Cut Events. The cut events in a consistent cut are not causally related. Thus, the cut is a set of concurrent events and a set of concurrent events is a cut. Note, in this inconsistent cut, c3 –> c2.

What is global snapshot?

A Global Snapshot or a global state consists of local states of each process in the distributed system along with the in-transit messages on communication channels. The snapshot problem in a distributed system tries to determine the “current” snapshot of the global state without stopping the system.

What is consistent cut & inconsistent cut?