What factors need to be considered when coaching a diabetic?

What factors need to be considered when coaching a diabetic?

An effective management plan must consider the typical demands of training and competition, the goals of the athlete, factors related to sports participation that may affect glucose homeostasis, safety of athletic participation, adequate monitoring of blood glucose, and possible adjustments to diet and insulin to allow …

What is the most important risk factor for diabetes?

The main things that lead to it are:

  • Obesity or being overweight. Research shows this is a top reason for type 2 diabetes.
  • Impaired glucose tolerance.
  • Insulin resistance.
  • Ethnic background.
  • Gestational diabetes.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Family history.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome.

What are the factors influencing diabetes?

Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin. Family history. Your risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes. Race or ethnicity.

Which are appropriate therapies for patients with diabetes?

The general consensus on treatment of type 2 diabetes is that life style management at the forefront of therapy options. In addition to exercise, weight control and medical nutrition therapy, oral glucose lowering drugs, and injections of insulin are the conventional therapies.

How should an exercise program be started with a diabetic client?

Before You Get Started Once you’re cleared, the best way to start an activity program is by walking — it’s a simple activity that you’re probably doing every day already. Bassin recommends using a pedometer to track how much you walk each day, and then to gradually add to the amount you walk.

What should you look for when caring for a client with diabetes?

The diabetic or the person caring for the diabetic should examine the feet every day. Look for cracks in the skin, blisters, or swelling, and ask if there is any pain. Wash the feet gently with warm – not hot – water, and pat them dry: don’t rub them.

Who is susceptible to diabetes?

You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight or obese. Diabetes is more common in people who are African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander.

What are the two most important risk factors for type 2 diabetes?

Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

  • are overweight or obese.
  • are age 45 or older.
  • have a family history of diabetes.
  • are African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
  • have high blood pressure.

What are contributing factors to help explain the increased prevalence of diabetes in the US?

Obesity is often seen as the main contributor to an increasing prevalence of diabetes [8–10] but other factors such as ageing, ethnicity, lifestyle (i.e., physical inactivity and energy dense diet), socioeconomic status, education, and urbanization have also been identified as potentially important factors [11–14].

How do environmental factors affect diabetes?

Environmental factors play a role in the etiopathogenesis of diabetes. They include polluted air, soil, water, unhealthy diet, stress, lack of physical activity, vitamin-D deficiency, exposure to enteroviruses, and damage to immune cells.

What is the goal of therapy for diabetic clients?

The general goals of the treatment of diabetes are to avoid acute decompensation, prevent or delay the appearance of late disease complications, decrease mortality, and maintain a good quality of life.

How would a diabetic client prevent complications of diabetes?


  • Make a commitment to managing your diabetes.
  • Don’t smoke.
  • Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control.
  • Schedule regular physicals and eye exams.
  • Keep your vaccines up to date.
  • Take care of your teeth.
  • Pay attention to your feet.
  • Consider a daily aspirin.

What should be included in the initial evaluation of Type 1 diabetes?

Initial Evaluation and Diabetes Management Planning Consider screening those with type 1 diabetes for autoimmune diseases (e.g., thyroid dysfunction, celiac disease) as appropriate. E A complete medical evaluation should be performed at the initial visit to Review previous treatment and risk factor control in patients with established diabetes

What are the latest ACC/AHA guidelines on stratification for patients with diabetes?

The latest 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines [ 14, 18] now recommends stratification for patients with diabetes, when ages are from 40 to 75 years old, into two risk categories, using a global risk score calculator [ 14 ].

What factors should be considered when developing a diabetes management plan?

In developing the plan, consideration should be given to the patient’s age, school/work schedule and conditions, physical activity, eating patterns, social situation, cultural factors, presence of diabetes complications, health priorities, and other medical conditions.

What factors should be the target of behavior change interventions in diabetes?

Based on a synthesis of existing theories/models ( Table 1 ), we argue that four categories of factors should be the target of behavior change interventions in diabetes: motivators, inhibitors/facilitators, intentions, and triggers.