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What did Pope Urban II say about the Crusades?
On November 27, 1095, Pope Urban II makes perhaps the most influential speech of the Middle Ages, giving rise to the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land, with a cry of “Deus vult!” or “God wills it!”
How did Europe respond to the First Crusade?
In 1095 Pope Urban II proclaimed the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont. He encouraged military support for the Byzantine Emperor Alexios I against the Seljuk Turks and an armed pilgrimage to Jerusalem. There was an enthusiastic response in western European across all social strata.
What did Pope Urban Promise in his speech?
Within Fulcher of Chartres account of pope Urban’s speech there was a promise of remission of sins for whoever took part in the crusade. All who die by the way, whether by land or by sea, or in battle against the pagans, shall have immediate remission of sins. Click to see full answer
How did Urban II encourage people to take the cross?
In every possible way Urban encouraged people to take the cross, and he did not easily dispense from their obligations those who had once bound themselves to undertake the expedition. Pope Urban II said that you will be guaranteed to go to heaven and all you sin’s will be forgiven.
Why did the Crusades take place?
Islamic forces, by the 11th century CE, occupied the Levant, birthplace of Christianity. In 1095, for a variety of political, religious, and economic reasons, Pope Urban II called for a Crusade, or Holy War, against the Islamic rulers of the “Holy Land.”
What did the Pope stress in the First Crusade?
The Pope stressed the religious and economic importance of the Eastern churches and Jerusalem that had both been taken over by Muslim Turks. Previously Vikings and Muslims had been attempting to invade most Western European countries and were troubling them but were soon defeated.
Was the Crusades justified for Christians?
Although violence was banned in Christianity and Christians were told to ‘turn the other cheek’, the Pope told Christians fighting in the Crusade was justified as they were fighting for the Pope which is like fighting for the church and therefore they were fighting for Christ.
What was the purpose of the First Crusade?
The Crusades were a series of religious and political wars fought between 1096 and 1291 for control of the Holy Land. Pope Urban II initiated the First Crusade (1096–1102) in order to aid the Christian Byzantine Empire, which was under attack by Muslim Seljuk Turks. Complete info about it can be read here.