Table of Contents
What Colour is germanium?
A silvery-white semi-metal. It is brittle. Germanium is a semiconductor. The pure element was commonly doped with arsenic, gallium or other elements and used as a transistor in thousands of electronic applications.
What is the shape of germanium?
Its melting temperature is 937.4 C. The electronic configuration of germanium is (Ar)(3d)10(4s)2(4p)2 and the atomic radius is 0.137 nm. Germanium has the diamond cubic crystal structure shown, an fcc lattice with a basis of two germanium atoms, one at (0,0,0) and the other at (1/4, 1/4, 1/4) in units of the cube edge.
What are physical properties of germanium?
Germanium is a hard, grayish-white element, has a metallic luster but is brittle like glass….Physical Properties.
|Melting point, °C||938.4|
|Boiling point, °C||2,833|
|Heat of fusion, kJ mol−1||36.94|
What texture is germanium?
Germanium is a lustrous, hard, gray-white semi-metallic element with a crystalline and brittle structure. It is a semiconductor. Germanium and the oxide are transparent to infrared radiation.
What is Germanium an example of?
Germanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ge and atomic number 32. It is a lustrous, hard-brittle, grayish-white metalloid in the carbon group, chemically similar to its group neighbors silicon and tin. Pure germanium is a semiconductor with an appearance similar to elemental silicon.
Where do you find germanium?
Germanium is primarily mined with zinc ore as well as with argyrodite, germanite, and coal according to the Los Alamos National Laboratory. According to Chemistry Explained, germanium is mined in Alaska, Tennessee, China, the United Kingdom, Ukraine, Russia and Belgium.
Is germanium transparent?
Germanium is transparent to infrared radiation and presents an extremely high dielectric constant (e=16).
What is the mass of germanium?
What are the physical properties of antimony?
Physical properties Antimony is a silvery-white, shiny element that looks like a metal. It has a scaly surface and is hard and brittle like a non-metal. It can also be prepared as a black powder with a shiny brilliance to it. The melting point of antimony is 630°C (1,170°F) and its boiling point is 1,635°C (2,980°F).
What are the properties of antimony?
Antimony is a semimetallic chemical element which can exist in two forms: the metallic form is bright, silvery, hard and brittle; the non metallic form is a grey powder. Antimony is a poor conductor of heat and electricity, it is stable in dry air and is not attacked by dilute acids or alkalis.
What are 3 uses for germanium?
The largest use of germanium is in the semiconductor industry. When doped with small amounts of arsenic, gallium, indium, antimony or phosphorus, germanium is used to make transistors for use in electronic devices. Germanium is also used to create alloys and as a phosphor in fluorescent lamps.
What is GE on the periodic table?
germanium (Ge), a chemical element between silicon and tin in Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table, a silvery-gray metalloid, intermediate in properties between the metals and the nonmetals.