How did the Spanish take down the Aztecs?

How did the Spanish take down the Aztecs?

During the Spaniards’ retreat, they defeated a large Aztec army at Otumba and then rejoined their Tlaxcaltec allies. In May 1521, Cortés returned to Tenochtitlán, and after a three-month siege the city fell. This victory marked the fall of the Aztec empire.

What helped the Spanish defeat the Aztecs the most?

What Were the Most Important Factors in Explaining the Spanish Victory Over the Aztecs & Incas?

  • Superior Weapons. Spanish weaponry was far superior to anything used by the Aztecs or Incas.
  • Alliances and Experience.
  • The Power of Horses.
  • Deadly Disease.

How many Aztecs were killed by the Spanish?

Fall of Tenochtitlan
Casualties and losses
450–860 Spanish 20,000 Tlaxcaltecs 100,000 killed in action 300 war canoes sunk At least 40,000 Aztecs civilians killed and captured, other sources claim 100,000 to 240,000 were killed in the campaign overall including warriors and civilians

What killed 15 million Aztecs?

Salmonella could be partially to blame for a 16th century epidemic that killed millions. From 1545 to 1550, Aztecs in what is today southern Mexico experienced a deadly outbreak. Anywhere from five to 15 million people died.

Did any Aztecs survive?

By the 1500s, they had not only survived, but managed to prevail, and they were taking no chances of being forced to go backwards. They used their brains and their brawn to defeat their neighbors — first the other ethnic groups in the central basic of Mexico, and then much farther afield.

Why did the Spanish hate the Aztecs?

They hated the Aztecs because they had raided their cities for people to sacrifice to their gods. Montezuma II tried to keep Cortés from getting all the way to Tenochtitlan, but Cortés continued his march. He destroyed the Aztec religious city of Cholula along the way.

Who killed the Aztec?

Cortés’s army besieged Tenochtitlán for 93 days, and a combination of superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer the city. Cortés’s victory destroyed the Aztec empire, and the Spanish began to consolidate control over what became the colony of New Spain.

How did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs make it easier to conquer?

This made it easier to conquer the remaining Aztecs. The Spaniards’ victory is attributed to their technological advances and the Aztec empire’s vulnerability due to the smallpox spread. As a result, the Aztec’s tactics countering the Spaniard’s advanced technology is understated.

What happened to Moctezuma during the Spanish conquest?

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. Moctezuma was killed, although the sources do not agree on who murdered him. According to one account, when Moctezuma, now seen by the population as a mere puppet of the invading Spaniards, attempted to calm the outraged populace, he was killed by a projectile.

How many Aztecs and Spaniards survived the Battle of teotas?

Neither is known about the number of survivals. Some estimate the number of Aztec deaths as 240,000 along the 80 days besiege, however given the population size, I trust more Cortés numbers of 67000 in combat and 50, 000 died from band hunger. Spaniards survival number was about 900 soldiers and 80 horses.

How did the Spanish respond to the Tlaxcalteca invasion?

September – Tlaxcalteca assault the Spanish camp by day, and the Spanish respond by raiding unarmed Tlaxcalteca towns and villages by night. Tlaxcallan brokers a peace after 18 punishing days of war, by which point the Spaniards had lost half their cavalry and 1/5 their men.